Job 40:15 Behold now behemoth, which I made witht thee; he eateth grass as an ox. Defenders Study Bible notes: The word “behemoth” means, simply, “huge beast,” and commenter’s commonly take it to be either an elephant or hippopotamus. The subsequent description, however, fits neither of these, nor any other living, animal. On the other hand, it seems to match the probable description of a great land dinosaur, such as the tyrannosaurus. (I don’t agree that it was a tyrannosaurus, because this dinosaur was a vegetarian.)

16 Lo now, his strength is in his loins, and his force is in the naval of his belly.

17 He moveth his tail like a cedar: the sinew of his stones are wrapped together. Defenders Study Bible notes: No elephant or hippo has a tail like a cedar. This description supports the theory mentioned above may be a dinosaur.

18 His bones are as strong pieces of brass; his bones are like bars of iron.

19 He is the chief of the ways of God: He that made him can make His sword to approach unto him. Defenders Study Bible notes: The behemoth was the “chief” of all created land animals, which could only, therefore, have been one of the great land dinosaurs. These, like all other animals, were created on the fifth and sixth days of creation week. Seemingly, the dinosaurs had representatives preserved on Noah’s ark. Some descendants survived to and beyond Job’s day, giving rise to all the traditions of dragons in various parts of the world.

20 Surely the mountains bring him forth food, where all the bests of the field play.

21 He lieth under the shady trees, in the covert of the reed, and fens.

22 The shady trees cover him with their shadows; the willows of the brook compass him about.

23 Behold, he drinketh up a river, and hasteth not: he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth.

24 He taketh it with his eyes: his nose pierceth through snare.



Isaiah 14:29 Rejoice not thou, whole Palastina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of the serpents root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.

Isaiah 30:6 The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the young and old lino, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people that shall not profit them.




Sea Monsters

Lamentations 4:3 Even the sea monsters draw out the breast, they give suck to their young ones: the daughter of my people is become cruel, like the ostriches of the wilderness. Defenders Study Bible notes: The Hebrew word here translated “sea monsters” is tannin, also translated “whales,” and “serpents,” but most commonly, in the King James Version, “dragons.” Modern versions sometimes render it “jackals,” wolves,” and “crocodiles.” This confusion is because the tannin, whatever they were, are now extinct. In the 16th century and earlier, however, accounts of dragons were still so widely known and reliable that scholarly Bible translators saw no problem in identifying the tannin as “dragons.” They knew that the biblical accounts correlated realistically with the many similar records in early and medieval literature. Since the first dinosaur bones were discovered less than two centuries ago the biblical accounts have been found to correlate with information paleontologists have provided about dinosaurs, from reconstructing the many fossils of these once abundant animals. However, the particular tannin in this verse seems to be a mammal, whereas most dragons seems to have been dinosaur-like reptiles. Possibly at least one kind of dragon/dinosaur was similar to the platypus, which has features of both reptiles (laying eggs) and mammals (suckling it’s young). Perhaps tannin, was understood as a generic term, applied to any large monster-like animal. Paleontology has also revealed a number of exotic animals called mammal like reptiles; many of these also were large and grotesque. In any case, dragons were real animals-probably dinosaurs or mammal-like reptiles of both-which did not become extinct until relatively modern times.

Commentators on the Bible say that leviathan is a whale or a crocodile. Below I point out why it is neither, but probably a fire breathing dragon as many stories indicate.

Job 41:1 Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which thou lettest down? Defenders Study Bible notes: Leviathan was evidently the greatest of the marine reptiles, or dinosaurs, something like a plesiosaur, perhaps, although modern commentators tend to call it a crocodile. Isaiah says that leviathan was “the dragon in the sea” (Isaiah 27:1), and the psalmist said that leviathan “played” in the “great and wide sea” (Psalm 104:25,26). (Personally I don’t agree that it is a plesiosaur, but probably an extinct kind of dinosaur.)

2 Canst thou put a hook into his nose? or bore his jaw through with a thorn?

3 Will he make many supplications unto thee? will he speak soft words unto thee?

4 Will he make a covenant with thee? wilt thou take him for a servant forever?

5 Wilt thou play with him as with a bird? or wilt thou bind him for thy maidens?

6 Shall the companions make a banquet of him? shall they part him among the merchants?

7 Canst thou fill his skin with barbed iron? or his head with fish spears?

8 Lay thine hand upon him, remember the battle, do no more.

9 Behold, the hope of him is in vain: shall not one be cast down even at the sight of him?

10 None is so fierce that dare stir him up: who then is able to stand before me? Defenders Study Bible notes: Although no man could overcome the leviathan, God could do so, just as He could overcome the behemoth.

11 Who hath prevented me, that I should repay him? whatsoever is under the whole heaven is mine.

12 I will not conceal his parts, nor his power, nor his comely proportion.

13 Who can discover the face of his garment? of who can come to him with his double bridal?

14 Who can open the doors of his face? his teeth are terrible round about. (Whales have terrible teeth?)

15 His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal. (Whales have scales?)

16 One is so near to another, that no air can come between them.

17 They are joined one to another, they stick together, that they can not be sundered.

18 By his neesings a light doth shine, and his eyelids are like the eyelids of the morning.

19 Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out.

20 Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, as out of a seething pot or cauldron.

21 His breath kindleth coals, and a flame goeth out of his mouth. Defenders Study Bible notes: Whatever the leviathan was, it was not a crocodile. Many of the dragon legends indicate they could breath fire, and there are indications that at least certain dinosaurs may have been able to produce and expel combustible gases which, upon coming in contact with oxygen, could have ignited.

22 In his neck remaineth strength, and sorrow is turned into joy for him. (Please show me the neck on a whale.)

23 The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm in themselves; they cannot be moved.

24 His heart is as firm as a stone; yea, as hard as a piece of the nether millstone.

25 When he raiseth up himself, the mighty are afraid: by reason of breakings they purify themselves. (The mighty fear when the crocodile rises up?)

26 The sword of him that layeth at him cannot hold: the spear, the dart, nor the habergeon.

27 He esteemeth iron as straw, and brass as rotten wood.

28 The arrow cannot make him flee: sling-stones are turned with him into stubble.

29 Darts are counted as stubble: he laugheth at the shaking of a spear.

30 Sharp stones are under him: he spreadeth sharp pointed things upon the mire.

31 He maketh the deep to boil like a pot: he maketh the sea like a pot of ointment.

32 He maketh a path to shine after him; one would think the deep to be hoary.

33 Upon earth there is not his like, who is made without fear.

34 He beholdeth all high things: he is king over all the children of pride. (Here God is comparing leviathan to Satan.)

This is Ken Ham’s idea of what leviathan looked like. We can’t make a picture that is %100 accurate, but I’d say that this is pretty close.


Jeremiah 51:34 “Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.” In the defenders study bible notes it says, “like a dragon. These charges against Nebuchadrezzar are obviously expressed in figurative terms, and one is especially intriguing-‘swallowed me up like a dragon.’ For this expression to be meaningful, the ‘dragon’ (Hebrew tannin) would have to be capable of swallowing a man whole. This requirement adds to the many other evidences that the Biblical ‘dragons’ were actually great dinosaurs, or dinosaur-like sea monsters.”

Jeremiah 51:37 “And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwelling place for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.”

Micah 1:8 “Therefore I will wail and howl, I will go stripped and naked: I will make a wailing like the dragons, and mourning as the owls.”

Malachi 1:3 “And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.” In the defenders study bible notes it says, “These ‘dragons’ (Hebrew tannin) are mentioned fairly frequently in Scripture-first in Genesis 1:21, where the word is translated ‘whales.’ It is best understood as a generic term for what we now call ‘dinosaurs,’ either great marine reptiles or land dinosaurs, depending on context.”